What Was Arranged In The Sykes-Picot Agreement Of 1916

Repeated and contradictory promises made to both sides during the term of office continued to fuel nationalist resentment. Everyone expected the country to remain in their hands, which the British seem to have promised them. And repeated attempts to divide or divide the country were not appropriate either. Following the Sazonov Paleologist Agreement, Russia should also benefit from Western Armenia alongside Constantinople and the Turkish Strait, already promised under the 1915 Constantinople Agreement. [8] Italy was closed to the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne Convention in 1917 and received South Anatolia. [8] The Palestinian region, whose territory is smaller than later compulsory Palestine, should be under “international administration.” The Arab revolt was officially initiated by Hussein on June 10, 1916 in Mecca, when his sons Ali and Fayçal had begun operations in Medina on June 5. [56] The timing had been advanced by Hussein, and according to Cairo[57] “Neither he nor we were ready at the beginning of June 1916, and it was only with the greatest difficulty that a sufficient amount of material assistance could be scraped to ensure the first success.” Provisional observations”; Sykes-Picot Joint Memorandum, January 3, 1916[25] The French elected Picot as French High Commissioner for the soon-to-be-occupied territory of Syria and Palestine. The British appointed Sykes political chief of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. On April 3, 1917, Sykes met Lloyd George, Curzon and Hankey to receive his instructions on the matter, namely to keep the French on their side as they pushed towards a British Palestine.

First Sykes in early May, then by chance, Picot and Sykes visited the Hejaz together in May to discuss the agreement with Fayçal and Hussein. [55]166 Hussein was persuaded to accept a formula that the French of Syria would follow the same policy as the British in Baghdad. As Hussein believed that Baghdad would be part of the Arab state, he was finally satisfied with this. Subsequent reports from participants expressed doubts as to the exact nature of the discussions and the degree to which Hussein had actually been informed of the Sykes-Picot conditions. [61] In May, Clayton Balfour stated that, in response to the indication that the agreement had been shaken, Picot had “allowed a significant revision to be necessary in light of the changes that have taken place in the situation since the development of the agreement”, but that he nevertheless considered that “the agreement respects the principle in any case”. Despite these rival ambitions, neither France nor Britain had defined clearly defined war objectives in the Middle East before the Ottoman Empire entered the war in November 1914. The attention of policy makers focused on the imposition of the empire`s territories after the war, when Russia called for a post-war division that would give it control of Istanbul and the straits that connect the Bosphorus to the Dardanelles, as well as a predominant role in eastern Anatolia. France reaffirmed its Syrian claims, and in February 1915 Britain obtained the agreement that France would be entitled to Syria and Alexandertta if the Middle East partition plans were to be carried out.

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