According to a report published on 5 November, India`s commitment to contribute to the reduction of global climate change in the 2015 Paris Agreement is “insufficient”. To achieve the 2030 carbon sink target, India must “more than double its current rate of forest cover expansion.” Prasad added, however, that the absence of the United States was a major global problem, as it was the main historical emitters and productive greenhouse gas accumulators. “Mitigation is important and if they don`t reduce their emissions drastically, it will affect us all. They have also reduced their resources. While this does not affect our ongoing projects, more international funding from the Green Climate Fund is good for the agreement,” Prasad added. The 2015 Paris Agreement is the first global commitment of its kind to address the climate crisis. The pioneering agreement led 195 countries (with the EU) to sign a single agreement to keep global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius, while doing everything in its power to limit the rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. While strengthening CNN`s ambitions is an important objective of the global inventory, efforts beyond mitigation are evaluated. The five-year revisions will also assess adaptation, climate change provisions, and technology development and transfer.  The team analyzed the 184 voluntary commitments made by countries under the Paris Agreement and estimated that nearly 75% of the climate commitments made under the agreement are “insufficient to slow climate change,” and some of the world`s largest emitters, such as the United States, China and India, will continue to increase their emissions. Specific results of increased attention to adjustment financing in Paris include the announcement by the G7 countries of $420 million for climate risk insurance and the launch of a Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems (CREWS) initiative.  In 2016, the Obama administration awarded a $500 million grant to the “Green Climate Fund” as “the first part of a $3 billion commitment made at the Paris climate talks.”    To date, the Green Climate Fund has received more than $10 billion in commitments.
The commitments come mainly from developed countries such as France, the United States and Japan, but also from developing countries such as Mexico, Indonesia and Vietnam.  To avoid a disastrous future, countries must act now. G20 countries account for more than 78% of total emissions. Some countries – China, the EU28, India, Mexico, Russia and Turkey – should meet their unconditional targets for National Commitment Goals (NDCs). India is one of three countries that is estimated to meet or exceed its emissions target for third countries. Nevertheless, the dynamics of the 25th session of the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP25) are very slow and insufficient compared to what the world needs to combat the climate crisis. Implementation of the agreement by all Member States will be evaluated every five years, with the first evaluation in 2023. The result will be used as an input for new national contributions from Member States.  The inventory will not be national contributions/achievements, but a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. The Climate Action Tracker website has deemed its climate efforts “2 degrees compatible” – which can help limit warming to 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century; india is the only major economy to be so valued.