The Department of Employment and Training Administration (ETA) is expanding protection and assistance to U.S. workers affected by foreign trade by revising its rules for the Trade Adjustment Assistance Program (AAT) for workers. This final rule will be, among other things, for… The kick-off of a North American free trade area began with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who made the idea part of his campaign by announcing his candidacy for president in November 1979.  Canada and the United States signed the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in 1988, and shortly thereafter, Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari decided to address U.S. President George H.W. Bush to propose a similar agreement to make foreign investment after the Latin American debt crisis.  When the two leaders began negotiations, the Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney feared that the benefits that Canada had gained through the Canada-U.S. free trade agreement would be undermined by a bilateral agreement between the United States and Mexico, and asked to be associated with the U.S.-Mexico talks.
 From the outset, critics of NAFTA feared that the agreement would result in a move of U.S. jobs to Mexico, despite the additional NAALC. NAFTA, for example, has affected thousands of U.S. auto workers in this way. Many companies have relocated their production to Mexico and other countries where labour costs are lower. However, NAFTA may not be the source of these measures. President Donald Trump`s USMCA should allay those concerns. The White House estimates that the USMCA will create 600,000 jobs and increase the economy by $235 billion.
Proponents of NAFTA in the United States stressed that the pact was a free trade agreement and not an economic community agreement.  The free movement of goods, services and capital did not extend to work. By proposing what no comparable agreement had attempted to open up to a “great third world country” – NAFTA avoided the establishment of a common social policy and employment. The regulation of the labour market and employment has remained exclusively due to national governments.  NAFTA has not eliminated regulatory requirements for companies wishing to act internationally, such as rules of origin and documentation obligations, that determine whether certain products can be traded under NAFTA. The free trade agreement also provides for administrative, civil and criminal sanctions for companies that violate the laws or customs procedures of the three countries. According to a study published in the Journal of International Economics, NAFTA has reduced pollution in U.S. manufacturing: “On average, nearly two-thirds of U.S.
reductions in coarse particulate matter (PM10) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) are emissions.