East Germany West Germany Agreement 1972

Article 7. The Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic say they are ready to resolve practical and humanitarian issues in the process of normalizing their relations. They conclude agreements to develop and promote cooperation in the fields of economy, science and technology, transport, judicial relations, postal and telecommunications, health, culture, sport, environmental protection and other fields… After the four-powers` agreement came into force in 1971, the two German states began negotiations for a basic treaty. With regard to the 1972 transit agreement, discussions were conducted by Secretaries of State Egon Bahr (for the Federal Republic of Germany) and Michael Kohl (for the German Democratic Republic). As part of Chancellor Willy Brandt`s Eastern Policy, the treaty was signed on 21 December 1972 in East Berlin. It was ratified the following year by the Federal Republic of Germany, despite opposition from hard-line supporters. [Who?] It came into force in June 1973. [Citation required] The basic contract, as it was called, was signed in December 1972 by the GDR and the Federal Republic of Germany. The treaty signed at the height of Eastern policy and detente paid tribute to the sovereignty of the two nations, restored diplomatic communication and paved the way for “good neighbourly relations”: Article 9. The Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic agree that this treaty does not affect the bilateral and multilateral international treaties and agreements they have already concluded or relate to.” Article 3.

In accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic settle disputes between them exclusively peacefully and refrain from threatening or using force. They reaffirm the inviolability of the border between them, now and in the future, and commit themselves to fully respecting the territorial integrity of the other. The signing of the treaty paved the way for the recognition by the international community of the two German states. Diplomatic relations were established between the German Democratic Republic and Article 8. The Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic exchange permanent missions. They are located at the headquarters of the government concerned. Practical issues related to the implementation of the missions will be dealt with separately. A contractor submitted by the West German government maintained its determination to work for the reunification of Germany: Article 5.

The Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic promote peaceful relations between European states and contribute to security and cooperation in Europe. They support efforts to reduce the armed forces and weapons in Europe without harming the safety of victims… The fundamental treaty is the abbreviated term of the treaty on the basis of relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic. The Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic (GDR) recognized themselves for the first time as sovereign states, abandoning the Hallstein doctrine in West Germany in favour of Ostpolitik. Article 2. The Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic will be guided by the objectives and principles set out in the Un Charter, in particular by the objectives of sovereign equality of all States, respect for their independence, autonomy and territorial integrity, the right to self-determination, the protection of human rights and non-discrimination.

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